Some people are embarrassed to talk about certain things with their doctor. One of those embarrassing things is anal canal cancer, but there’s nothing wrong with that because talking to your doctor and spotting the signs early could save your life.
Anal canal cancer is a rare and uncommon cancer that occurs in the anal canal. It is caused by a genetic mutation that turns healthy cells into abnormal cells. When these cells start to grow, they become uncontrollable and do not die. These abnormal cells eventually lead to the formation of a huge tumor.
Because this is a rare type of disease, most signs can go unnoticed. Here are the signs of anal cancer to watch for:
- Pain in the anus.
Hemorrhoids can cause tenderness and pain in the anus. Sometimes this pain can be a sign of anal cancer. At first, the pain will be mild, but then it will turn into a constant pain. If the pain is not treated, it will become unbearable, which means that the cancer has spread.
- Itching in the anus.
If you only feel itching, you don’t need to worry. But if there are other signs along with the itching, you should see a doctor.
- Anal bleeding
Most often, people assume that anal bleeding is caused by hemorrhoids. Unfortunately, persistent anal bleeding can be a sign of anal canal cancer.
- Anal discharge
If you notice a mucous discharge from your anus, it may be a sign of anal canal cancer. If mucus covers your stool every time you go to the bathroom, see your doctor.
- A lump on the outside of the anus
If you notice a lump on the outside of your anus, keep an eye on it. If it starts to grow, it may be a lump. When the lump starts to grow, you will also feel pain.
To prevent anal cancer, you need to be aware of some risk factors. The main factor is anal sex, which increases your chances of developing cancer, as well as HIV.